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12:07 | May 27 | 2014

Places on interest in Yakutia. The Lena Pillars

 On the one side of the Lena River there is taiga, on the other — stone monuments lining the river for fourty kilometers. Ruins of castles, brick walls, dragonfangs, petrified giants — every looker imagines something different. They are one of the wonders of Russia the Lena Pillars, a natural monument ofCambrian origin, having world-wide significance, which in 2012 was enscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The Nature Park of the same name, in which they are located, occupies as much as 1,272,150 hectares.

At the Lena Pillars scientists have discovered the remains of ancient animals: mammoth, bison, woolly rhinoceros, Lena horse. In the past, there splashed awarm shallow sea, which accumulated limestone at the bottom. The crust was slowly but definitely rising, millenia past, and the sea was gone, thereappeared rivers and mountains, affected by the sun, wind, rain and cold … The local rocks have many caves and on open surfaces one can see Lenapetroglyphs — drawings and writings by ancient hunters. The rocks show abundant prints of trilobites — the oldest organisms of the Cambrian period.

They say there is its own snowman, which Nenets and Yakut people call Ulmesh. Teh creature is up to 10 m tall, wearing a pointed hat and a belt ro arrach sacks with animal claws and skins. Sometimes it attacks hunters, and sometimes, on the contrary, brings them good luck and even points out treasures.

Visitors make trips to the Lena Pillars both in summer and winter. In winter — bysnowmobiles and jeeps on the frozen river bed, in summer — on ships that moor right at the sandy beach like usual punts. The park has a lot of environmental routes to familiarize tourists with natural sites. One of the most popular — the rise of the rock at the mouth of the labiyaRiver. The path runs through groomed trail with log steps and a wooden railing, recreation sitesand mandatory ritual of addressing the spirits of the river and nature. The rise to the summit takes about 50 minutes. There is a shorter and more dangerous (and most importantly, banned) path taking 25 minutes, but giving the opportunity to photograph the amazing beauty of landscapes.

Besides the well- known stone pillars, the park has remarkable sites such as sand dunes —tukulans, isolated areas of cold northern desert, the ancient human site at the mouth of the Diring Yuryakh Creek, whre they were found stone tools (Diring culture). There are unique permafrost ecosystem.