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10:24 | Jun 28 | 2013

Natural disasters in Yakutia

Weather in Yakutia never fails to amaze. June has always been distinguished by numerous natural disasters as floods and fires, but this year’s disasters surpassed in numbers.

Thus, the common thing as after-May flood deactivated 106 kilometers of the federal road “Kolyma” linking Yakutsk with Magadan. There were ten huge gullies formed in Tomponsky region of the Sakha Republic on a road site of 274-380 kilometers; road traffic on this road was completely stopped, as the press service of the Main Directorate of Ministry of Emergency Situations in Yakutia reported. Streams of water damaged the regional road in Amginsky region between Nizhny Bestyakh and Amga villages with formation of eleven gullies of about 1,000 meters total length. Road traffic there was carried out with difficulty.

The flood covered 13 houses and 30 yards in two villages of Tattinsky and Megino-Kangalassky regions.

Meanwhile, on June 24 Aikhal village of Mirny region witnessed a snow-fall. The temperature there was about 0˚ C at night and in the morning. The chief specialist of the HydroMetCenter of the Russian Federation, Marina Makarova, named three reasons of summer snow. “First of all, it is the physical and geographical location of the Republic. Yakutia is a difficult area on a rather table land, compared with the plain, on which the country’s capital is situated”, - said Makarova.

“The second factor that has influenced formation of precipitation in the form of snow is a vast atmospheric cyclone where “tropospheric cold goes down”.

Finally, the third factor affecting the snow-fall is movement of air masses from the Arctic basin (eastern Arctic), where the air is traditionally cold even in summer in spite of a long light day”.

As the officer of the press service of the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) Aleksey Khlybov noted, snow in summer was always a surprise, even if you live in the north of the country. Fortunately, the natural phenomenon didn’t cause visible harm. Aikhal is situated within the Arctic Circle; in fact, nothing grows there. All fruits and vegetables are imported.

But the most hazardous natural disaster is forest fires in Yakutia, which number has dramatically increased due to thunderstorms.

This was announced by the First Deputy Head of the Ministry of Emergency Situation of Russia in the RS (Y) Nikolay Ivanov on June 25 at a meeting with journalists: “at the present time the worst forest fire situation is observed in seven regions of the Republic - Lensky, Olekminsky, Mirninsky, Suntarsky, Nyurbinsky, Vilyuisky and Kobyaisky regions. Thunderstorms have become more frequent. The most active storms have been observed in Viliuisky, Suntarsky, Verkhnevilyuisky regions over the last few days. Large fire occurred in Khangalassky region 20 km away from a village because of thunderstorms.”

The head of the Department of Forestry Relations of the RS (Y) Vyacheslav Popov also spoke about thunderstorms in Yakutia. According to him, the worst is yet to come. As of June 25, there are 36 forest fires, 29 of which are active.

Now the Ministry of Emergency Situations control 10 forest fires close to human settlements. Fortunately there is no direct threat to human settlements there. MES helps both with people and equipment. Since the beginning of the fire season, aircraft of the Aviation Rescue Center of the Far Eastern regional center have been participated in fire extinguishing, and from June 15 aircraft from Central Regional Center (aircraft B-200 and IL-76) joined the work. Totally they have made 570 discharges with 4677 tons of water.