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00:24 | Nov 28 | 2012

Yakutia and St. Petersburg: One for Another

For three days St. Petersburg is going to plunge into a Yakut atmosphere.

From 27 to 29 November 2012 St. Petersburg will host a number of events as part of the Days of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), which will be dedicated to 380-th anniversary of Yakutia’s integration in the Russian state and the 90th anniversary of the Yakut ASSR. Implementation of the Days of Yakutia in the Northern Capital is not accidental – the history bound the two regions together as long ago as in the XVII century.

Not only gold and diamonds
In 1632, the Russian Cossacks founded the burg of Yakutsk in Eastern Siberia. In 1703, Tsar Peter I the Great began construction of the new capital of the Russian Empire on the banks of the Neva river. A new era of cultural and historical relations between the two major regions of Eurasia began from these events.
Expedition to Kamchatka under the famed explorer Vitus Bering, appointed by the order of Peter I, had prepared and stocked up with everything needed in the capital of Yakutia. During these campaigns, the American coast was found, the strait between Asia and America examined, the Kuril Islands, the coast of America, the Aleutian Islands studied, an idea of the Sea of Okhotsk, the Kamchatka Peninsula and Japan formed. Geologists from Petersburg mastered diamond deposits in Yakutia, explored the development of the Northern Sea Route.
Today, 380 years after Yakutia joined Russia, the Republic became one of the fastest growing regions of Russia. Not only gold and diamonds are mined here: thanks to the construction of the oil pipeline “Eastern Siberia - Pacific Ocean” Yakutia became another oil-producing region of Russia. Yakut oil has been exported to the Asia-Pacific region for several years now.
In November 2011, with the participation of Russian President Dmitry Medvedev “golden link” of the largest railroad of last decades “Berkakit – Tommot – Yakutsk” was laid at the station of Nizhny Bestyakh.
In Yakutia for the first time in modern Russia developing of a unique Elga coking coal deposit was started “from scratch”. A separate railway line “Ulak – Elga” was built to begin its development. Thus, Yakutia is the only region of the country which is conducting two large railway constructions at the same time. “Gazprom” Company working at the Chayanda gas condensate deposit is ready to start supplying natural gas already in 2016.

Cultural integration
Yakutia became the largest center of science, culture, education and industry in the north-east of Asia. In the Sakha Republic the Academy of Sciences was founded, many research institutes (including such unique ones as Permafrost Institute, the Institute of Physical and Technical Problems of the North, Institute of Humanitarian Research and Indigenous Peoples of the North SB RAS, Yakutsk State Agricultural Academy, etc.) operate here. Among them is the Yakutsk State University, which is now reorganized into the North-Eastern Federal University named after M.K. Ammosov.
At the same time, the Institute of the North, which trained many professionals for Yakutia, was opened in St. Petersburg; the first spelling-books and textbooks for the small-numbered peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East were created and published there. Now more than a thousand students from Yakutia study at universities of St. Petersburg.
Russia's culture is inseparable from the culture of Yakutia, and the culture of Yakutia is part of the multinational Russian culture. The process of cooperation and mutual enrichment of cultures continues.

Busy days
Given the importance of economic, scientific and cultural integration of the regions related issues will be discussed at round tables and meetings during the Days of Yakutia in St. Petersburg. The meeting of the delegations of the regions is considered to be the central event scheduled on November 27, where the results of the Agreement of Cooperation and the Joint Action Plan will be summed up and the signing ceremony of a new agreement between St. Petersburg and the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) on trade, economic, scientific, technological, social and cultural cooperation for 2012-2016 take place.
On the same day, the Chamber of Commerce of St. Petersburg will host a presentation of the priority investment projects in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) “Yakutia – the Territory of Unique Features”. Cooperation agreements are expected to be signed.
The international scientific and practical conference “The Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation: the North-Eastern Vector of Development” will be a landmark event, which will open at the headquarters of the Russian Geographical Society in St. Petersburg. Its implementation is scheduled for November 28 and 29.
On November 28 the official delegation of Yakutia will perform a symbolic shot from the Naryshkin bastion cannon of the Petropavlovskaya fortress in honor of the 380th anniversary of Yakutia becoming part of the Russian state. On the same day an exhibition of the statehood of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) will be held in the Presidential Library named after B.N. Eltsin. The exhibition presenting the past and present of the Republic has been prepared jointly with the National Library of the Republic.
In general, the Days of Yakutia in St. Petersburg, taking place in the year of unity and friendship among nations, will help build the basis for the expansion of international and regional cooperation, business and academic contacts, will help present and evaluate the studies of scientists in the Arctic, the unique cultural traditions of Yakutia, will affect the development of the state regional policy of Russia and tolerance of all peoples.

The Cultural Program of the Days of Yakutia

  • On November 27 at the Atrium of the Petropavlovskaya fortress, the opening night of a musical play “The Constellation of Maria” by Vladimir Fedorov dedicated to the fate of the Russian Arctic polar explorer and naval officer Vasily Pronchishchev and the Great Northern Expedition of the first half of the 18th century will be held.
  • On November 28 at the Concert Hall of the Mariinsky Theatre, Sakha Republic Philharmonic will debut with a Gala Concert.
  • On November 28 and 29, Days of Yakut Movies will be held at the “Rodina” cinema.
  • On November 29 at the Kazansky Cathedral a festive Divine Liturgy, dedicated to 380th anniversary of Yakutia joining the Russian state, will take place.
  • Concluding the Days of the Republic the Russian Ethnographic Museum will host an ethnographic exhibition “Circumpolar Civilization in the permafrost”.
  • A theatrical play “Elley Bohotur” on the stage of the Academic Drama Theater named after F.V. Komissarzhevskaya will be a bright finale of the events.