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23:54 | Aug 10 | 2012

From mammoths to a bridge

These interesting researches are in progress in the Republic.

They say the entire periodic table can be found in Yakutia. However, our territory is not only a storehouse of natural resources, but also a place which draws close attention of the scientific world. Today’s review is devoted to particularly significant researches carried out on the territory of the Republic.

The object of study is a northern man
This spring, a joint expedition of France and Yakutia worked at one of the coldest places on the planet, at Verkhoyansk ulus.
The aim of the expedition was to study the epidemiology of parasitic and infectious diseases, anthropological studies of Verkhoyansk’s population. The expedition of French and Yakut scientists successfully carried out the planned research in the villages of Dulgalakh and Suordakh at large.

Mysteries of the cemetery of mammoths
This summer, excavations will be carried out near the village of Somorsun in the Amga district of Yakutia at the site where mammoths’ bones were found by schoolchildren in autumn of 2011.
In October last year, students of the Amga Center for Young Travelers found bones of prehistoric animals near the village of Somorsun. The employees of the Mammoth Fauna Studies Department of the Yakutia Academy of Sciences determined that the remains belonged to mixed-aged mammoths.
When a cluster of bones of prehistoric animals is found in one place, first of all, scientists are trying to answer the question whether it were the ancient people who put a finger in the pie. For example, an encampment near the Berelekh river was discovered in Yakutia in this way: first, deposits of mammoths’ bones were found, and then the traces of human presence. There is a theory that the bones of procured giants served to primitive hunters as material for building dwelling frames.

Elixir of youth under the feet of the Yakuts
For thousands of years scientists and doctors have been trying to find a way if not to delay old age, but at least extend our metered by nature lifetime. Recently, it was found out that all this time “the elixir of youth” was literally right under Yakuts’ feet – deep in the permafrost!
Back in 2008 an international team of scientists discovered a unique bacterium in the permafrost samples from the area of Mammoth Mountain (Tattinsky ulus, Yakutia). The age of the bacteria named Bacillius F is presumably 2-3 million years.
The extracted relic microorganisms from the depths of the Mammoth Mountain which are contemporaries of mammoths and woolly rhinos could become a source of immortality. Nevertheless, the facts speak for themselves: the bacteria were living in the permafrost for three million years. Moreover, despite the advanced age, microorganisms, once in a warm environment, began to multiply rapidly.
According to researchers, bacteria from the permafrost extended the life of laboratory animals by an average of 20 percent. Average rats live for about 580 days, and after the “rejuvenating” injection the life span of animals increased up to 700 days. For people it would be reflected in the possibility of active life at the age of 100 years.

A Bridge or a Tunnel?
Due to the results of the International Conference “Integrated development of the infrastructure of the north-east of Russia” held in Yakutsk, and laying the “golden link” of the rail line Berkakit-Tommot Nizhny-Bestyakh) the interest in the construction of the railway crossing over the Lena river and furthering the railway road to the north-east of Russia has arisen with a new force. Despite this fact now it is more likely that the railway will reach Magadan. The crossing of the Lena river, is still undergoing expert review, however, the leading experts of the Academy of Sciences of the Russian Federation have supported the feasibility of building a combined rail and road bridge across the Lena.
The analysis is in process.